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Infographics Scientific Tools of the Trade

The Microscope: Scientific Tools of the Trade

As we delve into this new series – a scientists’ toolkit, we start with the microscope. From its history through to its applications. Its uses are endless and we will show you why!

There are many different types, from light to electron, some are binocular others are not. There are digital, stereo, USB and pocket microscopes. Here are just a few of them below. Depending on the purpose different microscopes may be used, it is just about picking the right one for the job! (7)

Digital light microscope: invented in Japan in 1986. Uses principles of light microscopy, but connects to a computer similar to a printer/ Allowing for ease of observation. (7)

Stereo light microscope: Also known as a dissecting microscope, is used to view images three dimensionally by having 2 optical paths. (7)

Electron microscope: more powerful than a light microscope, and allows scientists to see things at nano size, there are two types; the scanning and transmission type. (7)

Microscopes are used by scientists for lots of different reasons- primarily to observes microscopic structures, and changes that cannot be seen by the naked eye. Allowing scientists to understand structure and physiology. This can help when trying to understand normal processes in the body, as well as changes due to disease, the effect of different therapies on the body, and possible therapeutic targets.

They can be used to visualize structures, conduct cell counts, diagnose disease and conduct qualitative scoring.

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References

  1. https://www.microscopemaster.com/

2. https://study.com/academy/lesson/anton-van-leeuwenhoek-biography-cell-theory-discoveries.html

3. https://www.leica-microsystems.com/science-lab/koehler-illumination-a-brief-history-and-a-practical-set-up-in-five-easy-steps/

4. http://waywiser.fas.harvard.edu/people/238/ernst-leitz-company

5. https://www.zeiss.com/corporate/int/about-zeiss/history/ernst-abbe.html

6. https://www.microscope-depot.com/microscope-illustration.htm

7. https://www.microscopemaster.com/different-types-of-microscopes.html#:~:text=There%20are%20several%20different%20types,classroom%20or%20personal%20hobby%20use.

Sir Alexander Fleming
A Sip of Science History Infographics

Sir Alexander Fleming: A sip of science history

A Sip of the Past… This week we focus on Sir Alexander Fleming 👨‍🔬. The man who discovered the well known antibiotic, penicillin.

Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928. His discovery allowed for further research, development and purification of penicillin alongside scientists Howard Florey and Ernst Chain. Their collaboration was recognised when they shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine and the use of penicillin has since saved millions of lives around the globe.

⏩ Swipe through to find out more about the man behind the breakthrough!

More Science History

References
science history
A Sip of Science History Infographics

A sip of science history: Gerty Cori

👨🏽‍🏫 A sip of science history! ⁣Introducing… Gerty Cori!

🔬 Gerty Cori was a pioneering biochemist and America’s first ever female Nobel Prize winner. ⁣

💫 Gerty and her husband Carl Ferdinand Cori, collaborated to define the process of sugar metabolism, known as the Cori Cycle. ⁣

👩🏻‍🔬 Despite her credentials she was denied many of the career opportunities her husband and collaborator was afforded because of her gender. Her contributions to science were eventually recognised, as she gained full professorship just months before her Nobel Prize success. ⁣

Swipe through to read more about Gerty’s story! ⁣

References:

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