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How does it work? Infographics

What is peer review?

How is science Checked?

When researchers complete work or make an interesting finding, they publish their results in scientific journals. However, before their articles are published they must pass peer review. This is a process where the research is sent to a limited number of other experts in their field to assess it before it is released to the world.

These other experts check that the methods used to collect the research were valid, and the conclusions drawn make sense and are clear. Often, papers will be sent for some edits before final publication.

What is Pre-Print?

Pre-print repositories allow papers to be sent out to the research community and the public before the research has gone through peer review.

This allows quicker access to the results of the work, since peer review relies on the schedules of other researchers and can take weeks or months to complete.

A number of pre-print repositories exist, including bioRxiv, medRxiv and Preprints with The Lancet

What are the risks?

Whilst pre-print can be a valuable means to share research quickly, there are fewer quality controls on the papers uploaded and so the conclusions may not be high quality.

Reports made on pre-print articles can end up being misleading or misinterpreted – or may be based on poor science.

This isn’t to say that journals don’t have their issues too. The slow pace of peer review can hold back wide sharing of results, and a tendency to publishing positive outcomes can stop important negative results from being reported.

Read more about evidence here and what scientist mean when they say there is β€œNot enough evidence”.

COVID-19 Infographics

Dexamethasone reduces fatality in severely ill COVID-19 patients

Posted on instagram 16/06/2020

πŸ’ŠΒ Dexamethasone is the first drug found to reduce mortality in severely ill COVID-19 patients⁣ ⁣following a clinical trial.
⚑️ NOTE: the data discussed in this post has not yet been peer reviewed and deemed suitable for publication. Whilst the data appears to be good news, it should be read with this in mind! See our previous posts for more information on the peer review process ⚑️⁣
⏩ Swipe through for our breakdown on the RECOVERY trial and most importantly, the dataΒ πŸ“ŠΒ β£β£
‼️ It is important to note that dexamethasone should only be taken when prescribed by a medical professional and as most drugs, does have some side-effects. Dexamethasone only offers benefit to patients that require ventilation or oxygen therapy, there is no evidence to suggest it can be used to prevent COVID-19. ⁣⁣

Infographics Mental Health


To read a personal account of experiences with pyschosis, read our blog post; Psychosis and me here.

Schizophrenia is a mental health disorder where people experience repeated psychotic episodes.

Schizophrenia symptoms are classified as positive and negative.

This mental health disorder is in the top 15 leading causes for disabilities, worldwide.

More research is needed on the causes, but there is a lot of evidence for genetic factors, and certain lifestyle factors that have been associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia.

If you ever have any concerns about your mental health, contact your GP or healthcare practitioner.

Follow us onΒ instagram,Β twitterΒ andΒ facebookΒ to keep up to date with our content!

Mental health and neuroscience series:

COVID-19 How does it work? Infographics

“Not enough evidence”

There are a lot of reports going around about aspects of COVID-19 where we have “not enough evidence to show” something yet πŸ€”

It’s important to remember that this means WE DON’T KNOW πŸ™…β€β™€οΈ either way in this situation.

The answer might be that a treatment, for example, is wrong – or it might be proven to be right. But we can’t say for sure until we’ve gathered evidence that points in one direction or the other. πŸ“ƒ

As scientists, we are keen to admit when we don’t know something, because it gives us opportunity to learn! πŸ’‘

We like gathering evidence and we like knowing that the answers we give are the most accurate they can be! βœ…

❗Importantly, this includes having ALL the evidence we can do before announcing things. Partial evidence being published can lead to miscommunication and misunderstanding of what’s happening and can lead us down the wrong track for progressing our field.

Check out more of our infographics here:

Follow us on instagram, twitter and facebook to keep up to date with our content!

Infographics The Science Social News

Science News: May the fourth be with you

✨ π™Όπ™°πšˆ πšƒπ™·π™΄ π™΅π™Ύπš„πšπšƒπ™· 𝙱𝙴 πš†π™Έπšƒπ™· πšˆπ™Ύπš„ ✨ ⁣
In honour of Star Wars day, today’s news is all about space and tech 🌌 πŸ“‘ ⁣
Swipe through for today’s news brief including ➑️⁣
🧊 Space lasers that can track ice melting on earth ⁣
πŸš€ Nasa’s development of high spec ventilators ⁣
🧠 Nano-devices to help prevent plaque formation in Alzheimers⁣
𝙰𝙽𝙳 π™Όπ™Ύπšπ™΄ πš‚π™²π™Έπ™΄π™½π™²π™΄ π™½π™΄πš†πš‚… πŸ™ŒπŸ½β£ fromΒ @touchthebeardagain ⁣

More Science News:

COVID-19 Infographics PPE

How to use gloves correctly

Post originally on instagram 1.05.20, updated 9.07.20

Let’s talk about gloves and how to use them correctly.

Wearing PPE is a way to prevent the spread of diseases, but only if used correctly. Gloves aren’t necessarily advised throughout the pandemic – unless you work in certain professions – but we have had many questions about gloves. So we have done our best to give an overview on how to wear gloves correctly, if you chose to wear them.

We have discussed the risk of wearing masks incorrectly and how this can put you at more risk, tonight we focus on the correct usage of gloves. 🧀

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, before AND after using gloves
  • If you are wearing gloves to protect yourself, the material of these gloves are very important.
  • Gloves should be changed frequently to reduce risk of spreading diseases
  • When removing your gloves, do it so your hands do not come into direct contact with the outside of the gloves.
  • Improper use of gloves increases the risk to you and those around you.
  • Good hand hygeine practice is a more favourable preventative measure.
  • PPE is in high demand in healthcare settings, social distancing and hygiene should always be adhered too.

Any questions are welcomed, as always.

More of our infographics on PPE here

COVID-19 Infographics

Glossary of a Pandemic

Post originally on instagram

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought a lot of terminology to people and understandably it can be confusing trying to keep up. So here is the glossary of a pandemic!

We’ve put together a quick glossary of common words to help you engage with articles and question topics as they come up.

Things like: what’s the difference between SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19? 🦠

Who is a carrier? πŸ‘₯

What does a ventilator do? πŸ’¨

What is herd immunity?

Use our glossary of a pandemic to help navigate through news and media about the pandemic!

Our definitions are split over 3 categories:

  • Viruses, Diseases and Patients
  • Testing, Tracing and Lab work
  • Treatments and Therapies
Glossary of a pandemic
Glossary of a pandemic
glossary viruses, diseases and patients
glossary testing tracing and lab work
glossary treatments and therapies

If you think we have missed any words or want us to add more to our glossary, let us know by dropping us an email at or getting in touch on any of our social media platforms!

Why don’t you read some of our blog posts about COVID-19!

Or browse our infographics on COVID-19 here.

Infographics The Science Social News

The Science Social News 27/04/2020

What happened in science this week? πŸ€”

Our man with the news is back again with some updates on developments in science!

This week:

A trial for a new COVID-19 vaccine started! πŸ’‰

Spit could be used to test for COVID-19 instead of swabs! 🀀

Poop tracks how cities are dealing with COVID cases! πŸ’©

Stem cells could help treat blindness! πŸ‘“

The Hubble telescope turned 3️⃣0️⃣ Bacterial proteins could eat up our plastic waste πŸ—‘


A new treatment for endometrial cancer is being trialled! πŸ’Š

Follow our page for more science news, Q&A sessions and myth-busting science content!



World Malaria Day 2020

For World Malaria Day 2020 we have given you a breakdown on some key facts. Malaria is serious, life-threatening and is caused by a parasite that is spread by mosquitoes.

Pregnant women, infants, children under 5 years of age and patients with HIV/AIDS are at risk of severe disease.

In 2018 there were 228 million malaria cases worldwide and 405,000 malaria associated deaths. 93% of these cases were in Africa.

ForΒ world malaria day 2020Β we did a break down onΒ @who‘s key messages on malaria based upon the World Malaria Report, which is publicly available on their website.

Unfortunately, we are off track on some targets, and people are not getting access to the tools for preventing, detecting and treating malaria.
Campaigns such as “Zero malaria starts with me” that was launched in Senegal in 2014 have been endorsed by all African Heads of State. A campaign that engages all.

Despite not making crucial targets, there is some good news for some. In 2019, Algeria and Argentina were declared as malaria-free.
Interventions such as vector control and vaccine development are still ongoing with high hopes.

Are you into parasites? Check out our worm of the week here.

COVID-19 Infographics Q&A

The Science Social Q&A III

It’s question and answer time again! Here are some more of the questions we’ve been sent recently – if you have questions you want answered, message us or tag us in a post and we’ll add you to our next post!

β„‚π•’π•Ÿ π•ͺ𝕠𝕦 𝕀𝕑𝕣𝕖𝕒𝕕 π•₯𝕙𝕖 π•§π•šπ•£π•¦π•€ π•¨π•šπ•₯𝕙𝕠𝕦π•₯ π•œπ•Ÿπ• π•¨π•šπ•Ÿπ•˜? 🦠
Yes, you can – stay home whenever you are able!

π•Žπ•™π•ͺ 𝕒𝕣𝕖 π•šπ•Ÿπ•—π•–π•”π•₯π•šπ• π•Ÿ/𝕕𝕖𝕒π•₯𝕙 𝕣𝕒π•₯𝕖𝕀 𝕀𝕠 π••π•šπ•—π•—π•–π•£π•–π•Ÿπ•₯ 𝕓𝕖π•₯π•¨π•–π•–π•Ÿ π•”π• π•¦π•Ÿπ•₯π•£π•šπ•–π•€? πŸ“Š
Tons of factors come into this, including population demographics, data reporting style and testing methods – it’s not necessarily anything to do with how patients are being treated.

π•Žπ•™π•’π•₯ π•₯π•ͺ𝕑𝕖 𝕠𝕗 𝕀𝕠𝕒𝕑 𝕀𝕙𝕠𝕦𝕝𝕕 𝕀 𝕨𝕒𝕀𝕙 π•žπ•ͺ π•™π•’π•Ÿπ••π•€ π•¨π•šπ•₯𝕙? 🧼
Any soap you can get! COVID-19 is caused by a virus, not bacteria, so antibacterial soap isn’t needed to get rid of it.

π•Žπ•™π•’π•₯ 𝕑𝕣𝕠𝕕𝕦𝕔π•₯𝕀 π•”π•’π•Ÿ π•π•’π•£π•˜π•– π•—π•’π•€π•™π•šπ• π•Ÿ π•“π•£π•’π•Ÿπ••π•€ 𝕒𝕔π•₯𝕦𝕒𝕝𝕝π•ͺ π•žπ•’π•œπ•–? πŸ‘•
It depends a bit on what hospitals are willing to accept, but scrubs are simpler than masks – so they’re a good place to start if a manufacturer isn’t qualified to make complex medical equipment.

𝔻𝕠𝕖𝕀 π•Œπ• π•π•šπ•˜π•™π•₯ π•œπ•šπ•π• π•§π•šπ•£π•¦π•€π•–π•€? 🌞
Yes – but the type of UV light used to kill microbes in a lab is also VERY harmful to humans. It’s absolutely not something people should be trying to replicate at home.

Find more Q&As here: