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COVID-19 Infographics

Misinformation vs disinformation, what’s the difference?

Misinformation vs disinformation, what’s the difference? This infographic briefly defines the difference between misinformation and disinformation. Both misinformation and disinformation refers to information that is not factually correct, however, misinformation may be spread due to poor understanding of the subject, or just by mistake. Disinformation is when incorrect information is spread on purpose.


Is factually incorrect information – regardless of intent. It may be a mistake, or a misinterpretation of data.


Is the deliberate spreading of false information. Someone who spreads disinformation is doing so knowingly.

If you’re not sure, don’t share.

Use our Misinformation Toolkit to help navigate through misinformation and disinformation online.

COVID-19 Infographics

The Misinformation Toolkit

So. You’ve seen something you think is misinformation. What do you do?

Here is The Science Social Misinformation Toolkit.

Not sure? Don’t share!

Not sure, don’t share is our mantra.

If you have second thoughts about something you’re reading online, do not continue to share it.

The wrong advice or information can do more harm than good. Sharing because you think it could be useful knowledge without actually checking could result in someone taking potentially harmful action.

Although it is an extreme example, there were reports only weeks ago that ‘drinking bleach could rid you of coronavirus’. Whilst many of us may consider it common sense not to follow this advice, we should be mindful not to share it.

Fact check…

Fake news or misinformation is often propagated because it looks legitimate. Don’t be fooled by a credible name drop!

Often this could be:

“a friend of mine who works at the hospital received this email…” or “this is an NHS letter…”.

If the information is legitimate, it will be easily accessible via the online resources of the named institution, be that NHS, PHE, or University websites.

Check for yourself before taking further action.

Speak up!

There is nothing wrong with questioning the source.

This is what science is all about!

  • It is good practice in scientific research to ask what the evidence is where it came from and who produced it before drawing any conclusions.

Once you’ve spotted misinformation you can start asking these questions yourself if you feel comfortable doing so. Most people will engage with you if approached in a diplomatic and considerate way.

It is important to always be respectful of another persons views, even if you don’t agree!

It’s all about you

Even if you can’t find out more information about a source or identify it’s credibility, your questioning alone is the first step towards stopping the spread and uptake of misinformation.

If you’re not sure, don’t share.

The best way to protect yourself and your loved ones is to follow Public Health guidelines and stay up to date with any amendments to the existing advice.

Related: Misinformation: Believe, Share, Avoid?

Don’t forget to share The Misinformation Toolkit!

COVID-19 Infographics PPE

Types of face masks

Here is our quick overview to the different types of face masks available.

N95/N100 and FFP2/FFP3 Masks

  • N95/N100 designations are used in the USA and are roughly equivalent to FFP2/FFP3 in the EU.
  • FFP3/N100 masks are the highest rated masks available, and protect the wearer from aerosols and droplets at concentrations up to 50X occupational exposure limits (set by health organisations).
  • These are needed and used by medical professionals in direct, frequent contact with patients known to have an infectious respiratory disease.

Surgical Masks

  • Surgical masks protect the wearer in a similar way to N95/FFP2 masks, however they are less effective than these.
  • They will protect the wearer from respiratory droplets which may approach the face, however are fitted less firmly to the face and filter less effectively than an N95.
  • These are being used by medical professionals as a precaution when treating any patient, in case they may also be an asymptomatic carrier in addition to their presenting medical complaint.

Home-made Masks

  • Home-made masks are not regulated or confirmed to protect to any given standard.
  • However, if the majority of people wear a mask of some form, evidence shows a reduction in disease spread.
  • This is particularly important for people who may have asymptomatic infections and not know that they are spreading the virus while out of the house.
  • Any time you are outside the house in an enclosed or crowded space you should wear a face covering if you can – this includes supermarkets and public transport.

Why did the advice change suddenly?


Remember we are forever learning: advice and guidance will evolve as we learn new things.

Previously, home-made masks were not advised, as they are less protective than medical masks and individually do not provide full protection to the wearer.

However, new research is now showing that the limited protection given through reducing droplet spread from the wearer is worth it. In addition, the net gain of everyone wearing one is much greater than just the actions of one single person.

This was a guide on the types of face masks…

COVID-19 Infographics PPE

Do face masks with valves protect others from me?

Do face masks with valves protect others from me? No

😷 Evidence for wearing face masks when in close contact with others is still growing – but make sure to be selective with what you use to protect yourself and others as much as possible!

πŸ’¨ Masks with a valve that lets air out might feel more comfortable, but they reduce the efficiency of the mask’s protection.

πŸ’¦ This reduction in efficiency can let respiratory droplets from you fly towards others, risking infecting others if you are infected and don’t have symptoms.

🦠 To protect yourself and those around you, stick to masks without a valve – even homemade cotton masks are effective at stopping droplets!

Check out our previous post on PPE for more info:

Do face masks with valves protect others from me?

COVID-19 Infographics PPE

Lockdown eases, but the virus has not gone away.

Post originally on instagram

So things are opening up again this weekend (4th of July 2020) in the UK. The lockdown eases.

It is everyones individual choice where they wish to go now and what they want to do – if you are looking for ways to reduce risk while going out and seeing friends, here are some science-based suggestions:

Effective hand washing is still extremely important! Make sure you’re washing frequently and efficiently!

Β Masks are still growing in evidence for their effect in slowing disease transmission. When you’re in close contact with people outside of your household, consider wearing one as often as you can!

Check out yesterday’s post for how to put on and wear your mask safely!

If possible, meet outdoors! Respiratory droplets have a reduced risk of reaching the people you’re with if you’re outside – a walk or a picnic are good alternatives to a sit-down meal.

Reduce the number of people you see in short spaces of time. By distancing the different groups you see you can reduce the number of potential infections in a social group.

Do you feel ready for when lockdown eases? Let us know your thoughts –

lock down eases
lockdown is easing
The current state of cases
social distancing, hand washing and PPE advice for when lockdown eases
Meet outside when you can
Reduce the number of interactions in short spaces of time
second wave

COVID-19 Infographics

Dexamethasone reduces fatality in severely ill COVID-19 patients

Posted on instagram 16/06/2020

πŸ’ŠΒ Dexamethasone is the first drug found to reduce mortality in severely ill COVID-19 patients⁣ ⁣following a clinical trial.
⚑️ NOTE: the data discussed in this post has not yet been peer reviewed and deemed suitable for publication. Whilst the data appears to be good news, it should be read with this in mind! See our previous posts for more information on the peer review process ⚑️⁣
⏩ Swipe through for our breakdown on the RECOVERY trial and most importantly, the dataΒ πŸ“ŠΒ β£β£
‼️ It is important to note that dexamethasone should only be taken when prescribed by a medical professional and as most drugs, does have some side-effects. Dexamethasone only offers benefit to patients that require ventilation or oxygen therapy, there is no evidence to suggest it can be used to prevent COVID-19. ⁣⁣

COVID-19 How does it work? Infographics

“Not enough evidence”

There are a lot of reports going around about aspects of COVID-19 where we have “not enough evidence to show” something yet πŸ€”

It’s important to remember that this means WE DON’T KNOW πŸ™…β€β™€οΈ either way in this situation.

The answer might be that a treatment, for example, is wrong – or it might be proven to be right. But we can’t say for sure until we’ve gathered evidence that points in one direction or the other. πŸ“ƒ

As scientists, we are keen to admit when we don’t know something, because it gives us opportunity to learn! πŸ’‘

We like gathering evidence and we like knowing that the answers we give are the most accurate they can be! βœ…

❗Importantly, this includes having ALL the evidence we can do before announcing things. Partial evidence being published can lead to miscommunication and misunderstanding of what’s happening and can lead us down the wrong track for progressing our field.

Check out more of our infographics here:

Follow us on instagram, twitter and facebook to keep up to date with our content!

COVID-19 Infographics PPE

How to use gloves correctly

Post originally on instagram 1.05.20, updated 9.07.20

Let’s talk about gloves and how to use them correctly.

Wearing PPE is a way to prevent the spread of diseases, but only if used correctly. Gloves aren’t necessarily advised throughout the pandemic – unless you work in certain professions – but we have had many questions about gloves. So we have done our best to give an overview on how to wear gloves correctly, if you chose to wear them.

We have discussed the risk of wearing masks incorrectly and how this can put you at more risk, tonight we focus on the correct usage of gloves. 🧀

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, before AND after using gloves
  • If you are wearing gloves to protect yourself, the material of these gloves are very important.
  • Gloves should be changed frequently to reduce risk of spreading diseases
  • When removing your gloves, do it so your hands do not come into direct contact with the outside of the gloves.
  • Improper use of gloves increases the risk to you and those around you.
  • Good hand hygeine practice is a more favourable preventative measure.
  • PPE is in high demand in healthcare settings, social distancing and hygiene should always be adhered too.

Any questions are welcomed, as always.

More of our infographics on PPE here

COVID-19 Infographics

Glossary of a Pandemic

Post originally on instagram

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought a lot of terminology to people and understandably it can be confusing trying to keep up. So here is the glossary of a pandemic!

We’ve put together a quick glossary of common words to help you engage with articles and question topics as they come up.

Things like: what’s the difference between SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19? 🦠

Who is a carrier? πŸ‘₯

What does a ventilator do? πŸ’¨

What is herd immunity?

Use our glossary of a pandemic to help navigate through news and media about the pandemic!

Our definitions are split over 3 categories:

  • Viruses, Diseases and Patients
  • Testing, Tracing and Lab work
  • Treatments and Therapies
Glossary of a pandemic
Glossary of a pandemic
glossary viruses, diseases and patients
glossary testing tracing and lab work
glossary treatments and therapies

If you think we have missed any words or want us to add more to our glossary, let us know by dropping us an email at or getting in touch on any of our social media platforms!

Why don’t you read some of our blog posts about COVID-19!

Or browse our infographics on COVID-19 here.

COVID-19 Infographics Q&A

The Science Social Q&A III

It’s question and answer time again! Here are some more of the questions we’ve been sent recently – if you have questions you want answered, message us or tag us in a post and we’ll add you to our next post!

β„‚π•’π•Ÿ π•ͺ𝕠𝕦 𝕀𝕑𝕣𝕖𝕒𝕕 π•₯𝕙𝕖 π•§π•šπ•£π•¦π•€ π•¨π•šπ•₯𝕙𝕠𝕦π•₯ π•œπ•Ÿπ• π•¨π•šπ•Ÿπ•˜? 🦠
Yes, you can – stay home whenever you are able!

π•Žπ•™π•ͺ 𝕒𝕣𝕖 π•šπ•Ÿπ•—π•–π•”π•₯π•šπ• π•Ÿ/𝕕𝕖𝕒π•₯𝕙 𝕣𝕒π•₯𝕖𝕀 𝕀𝕠 π••π•šπ•—π•—π•–π•£π•–π•Ÿπ•₯ 𝕓𝕖π•₯π•¨π•–π•–π•Ÿ π•”π• π•¦π•Ÿπ•₯π•£π•šπ•–π•€? πŸ“Š
Tons of factors come into this, including population demographics, data reporting style and testing methods – it’s not necessarily anything to do with how patients are being treated.

π•Žπ•™π•’π•₯ π•₯π•ͺ𝕑𝕖 𝕠𝕗 𝕀𝕠𝕒𝕑 𝕀𝕙𝕠𝕦𝕝𝕕 𝕀 𝕨𝕒𝕀𝕙 π•žπ•ͺ π•™π•’π•Ÿπ••π•€ π•¨π•šπ•₯𝕙? 🧼
Any soap you can get! COVID-19 is caused by a virus, not bacteria, so antibacterial soap isn’t needed to get rid of it.

π•Žπ•™π•’π•₯ 𝕑𝕣𝕠𝕕𝕦𝕔π•₯𝕀 π•”π•’π•Ÿ π•π•’π•£π•˜π•– π•—π•’π•€π•™π•šπ• π•Ÿ π•“π•£π•’π•Ÿπ••π•€ 𝕒𝕔π•₯𝕦𝕒𝕝𝕝π•ͺ π•žπ•’π•œπ•–? πŸ‘•
It depends a bit on what hospitals are willing to accept, but scrubs are simpler than masks – so they’re a good place to start if a manufacturer isn’t qualified to make complex medical equipment.

𝔻𝕠𝕖𝕀 π•Œπ• π•π•šπ•˜π•™π•₯ π•œπ•šπ•π• π•§π•šπ•£π•¦π•€π•–π•€? 🌞
Yes – but the type of UV light used to kill microbes in a lab is also VERY harmful to humans. It’s absolutely not something people should be trying to replicate at home.

Find more Q&As here: